Sending a gratuitous ARP
Every now and then, you'll need to move an IP address from one machine to the other. Normally, this will take a few hours to take effect, as the ARP table in ISS's gateway (and the tables in all of our machines) will still associate the old MAC with that IP, and will keep sending packets bound for that IP to the old machine.
You can force all machines on the network to update their ARP caches using the following command on the machine that just received the new IP:
arping -U -I eth0 136.206.15.XXX
(replace eth0 with the appropriate interface, and replace the IP as appropriate)
This works by having the recipient machine send ARP requests for its own IP address.
There is another method using
send_arp (a tool included with various HA Linux
packages), but it doesn't seem to work for external connections, possibly due
to security settings on ISS's router.
This version of arping is in the
iputils-arping package, not the